Philippine Independence Day
The flag of the Philippines, which was made by Lorenz Agoncillo, Marcela Agoncillo and Delfina Herbosa de Natividad in Hong Kong, was first flown in the event that was led by Emilio Aguinaldo in his mansion on June 12, 1898. It was also where the National Anthem was first played by the San Francisco de Malabon band.
The Philippine Independence Day celebrated every July 4, the date in 1946 that the United States granted independence to the nation, until 1962, when President Diosdado Macapagal signed the Presidential Proclamation No. 28, varying the official celebration to June 12, the date in 1898 that Emilio Aguinaldo declared the nation’s independence from Spain.
The proclamation was done in June 12, 1898 at the ancestral home of General Emilio Aguinaldo in Kawit, Cavite. The June 12 proclamation was shortly adapted by another Proclamation made at Malolos, Bulacan, upon the persistence of Apolinario Mabini who objected to the original proclamation which essentially placed the Phillipines under the protection of the United States.
The Democracy and Independence
Today, we Filipinos celebrate the Independence Day. It is an occasion that government units celebrate. Most people do not for Independence is a rarity and it remains a fantasy.
The struggle for independence is a normal one. The immense majority linger locked in their state of overpowering dependence, incapable to find the power to stand on their own two feet. Economic deficiency describes the struggle of the Filipino, and the attendant ills of poverty and shortage reflect in either revolution or subservience.
We Filipinos should not mislead ourselves into thinking that independence and democracy are well and alive in the Philippines. They’re not! What increases is poverty and corruption, poverty which is the contradictory of independence, and corruption which is the contradictory of democracy.
How do we change from subservience to independence, from feudalism to democracy? This is a question that pleads for an answer in spite of so many attempts to change in the past. Filipinos should not be shocked that those who administer do so badly if one presumes they do so in a democracy. But under a feudal system, our government would be a benign and progressive one.
The effective change to real independence and democracy is the tandem of strong citizenship and good governance. It is especially is a responsible and strong citizenship that has wrapped badly, mainly because people have been asked by many political candidates to just wait until they, the candidates, get into authority and will be in a position to help them. As citizens, Filipinos must begin our own fight so the journey may attain its destination.
Let us celebrate the honor and courage that will become the foundation of a humanity that has evaded us. Let us celebrate the hope that we want for ourselves, our children and their children. Let us celebrate Independence Day as a dream and vision.